Sunday, September 6, 2020

Uncle Henry's "scholarship"


It is said that if you dig deep enough into the history of any God-fearing family you will find a horse thief. Most of us experienced family historians know that families with only horse thieves to talk about are the boring ones.  

This tale started when Douglas Morris, a 2nd cousin, shared an old family picture: 



I immediately thought I recognized two of the elderly gentlemen in the picture. The one with the bent walking stick appeared to be my sometimes cantankerous great-grandfather Lindsia Dowell (1849-1930). In the middle of the picture was his older brother known as "Uncle John" (1848-1936) by everyone in the family. Technically he was the uncle of my paternal grandfather. But who were the other three siblings? The two ladies were Anna and Mary but which was which? If I really had to guess I would opt for Anna (1855-abt 1935) to be the one on the left and Mary (1859-1941) to be the one on the right. But this is just speculation because the one helping to prop up my great-grandfather appears to me to be slightly older. Do you agree?

This leaves us to identify the third male in the picture. Candidates include Henry (1851-aft 1918), Isaac (1857-1943) and Joel (1861-1943). Two half-brothers also deserve some consideration. Obviously there is more research calling me here. But back to the picture above.

In January 2003 I took this picture with me on a visit to my soon to be nonagenarian dad. He quickly verified what I had already surmised about his grandfather and "Uncle John." However, he could not ID the other three. As snow was being whipped horizontally past his window at the Baptist Home in Northwest Missouri, I tried to prompt his memory. The third man could not be Henry I opined because Henry died in 1902. (Beeler, Flora Maye, A Dowell Family History, 1972.) My dad was then pacing around his room as he racked his brain. He whirled around with a combination of a "struck by lightening" and a "deer caught in the headlights" expression on his face. "Henry didn't die in 1902!" he forcefully asserted. "I've seen Henry and I hadn't been born in 1902." My dad who was not born until 1913 continued, "The reason I'm so sure about this is I still remember the angry expression on my dad's face when Henry came around. He didn't think Henry was a fit influence to be around us children." This was an indelible memory my dad had carried for more than eight decades.

So what is the real story about Henry? It turns out that Henry was a gifted writer -- so gifted that the State of Kansas had awarded him a "scholarship" that covered room and board at its fine institution in Leavenworth. This was the state prison not the federal one about which most of us are more familiar. Henry was a creative writer. OK, forger if you insist.    

My first documentary confirmation of my dad's recollection came in the 1910 US census for Delaware, Leavenworth, Kansas: "Dowell, Henry C., age 59, M, W, MO, NC, NC, inmate in Kansas State Penitentiary." Further research in the Kansas State Archives revealed that this was not his first "scholarship". According to the Kansas Department of Corrections, Henry first came to visit September, 1893: 
H. C. Dowell #6641, "P.L.G. P342 SERIES -1
Rec 9/31/93 (2) -- Wilson Co., Breaking from Jail. Pleads guilty, sentence 2 years, farmer, born Sept 14 51 MO NC NC, parents not living, married to Mahala Dowell, Parsons, KS, 2 children, resided in state 10, reads & writes, 1 year in school, first time in prison.
He was further described as "age 42, 5' 11½", complexion fair, greyish brown hair, brown eyes."

By the 1900 US census Henry was back living with Mahala:
Dowell, Henry Head W M Sept 1851 48 M 16     MO TN TN farmer owned mortgaged 40
        Mahaley Wife W F Mch 1858 42 M 16 3 2 OH VA KY
        Claud     Son  W M April 1886 14 S           KS TN OH
        Flossie  Daut  W F Jan   1893   7 S           KS TN OH

OK you eagle eyed genealogists have already noted a couple of things wrong with the documentation. First September only has 30 days and probably that was true even back in 1893. Also the birth location for Henry's parents migrated from North Carolina to Tennessee between 1893 and 1900. I think Mahala was taking charge of the family and is possibly the one giving out this 1900 information.

Wait, there is more. On April Fools Day 1904 Henry returned to Leavenworth:
Dowell, Henry C. #1076, alias Jacob Johnson
SPR 4/04, PL-I, p. 179
Rec. 4/1/04 -- Barton -- Forgery 1st-2nd-14th D  Sentenced Mar 24th, 1904 1-57 yrs, 1-7
                                  Breaking Jail   1-2
did not plead guilty age 52 farmer Sep 14 1851 MO parents born NC OH not living; married to Mahala Dowell, RR 4 Morehead KS, 3 children, owned no property, 30 yrs in state, reads writes, 1 yr. school 2nd time in prison here, this name
  photo #1940
  previous term as prisoner #6641
His description had not changed that much. He was reported to have lost a 1/2 inch of height and his hair was greying further: "5' 11", Light complexion, white hair, brown eyes."

After Henry's first visit to Leavenworth, Mahala took Henry back. But the second time was too much for her. She started telling everyone he died in 1902. That is the source of the incorrect death information in Beeler's book above.

If you didn't catch it the first time, please note that the second intake record above mentions a photo. I had noticed that and contacted the Kansas State Archives about it. The Archives staff found it and we started negotiating. The staff there said they would have to take a picture of the glass images, process them and then decide what kind and size of paper on which they should be printed. Apparently they were not used to getting requests like mine. I decided to cut to the chase and told them to just photograph the glass plates and send me the images electronically. And voile: 


Both my wife and her sister Michele think I'm almost a dead ringer for one of these mugshots. After all Henry is my great granduncle according to my RootsMagic software. According to the Shared Centimorgan table, Henry would be called my great-great-uncle and would be expected to share an average of 420 cM of atDNA with me with a range of 186-713 cM. I knew we shared a yDNA signature but I would not have expected so much atDNA. No wonder we look so much alike.😉

Can you guess which mug they IDed?

Spoiler: My wife of more than 37 years has never seen my bare face and threatens that she would divorce me if she were subjected to that experience.


Saturday, April 25, 2020

DNA Day Miracle Boy Turns 6



Last night I had my last bedtime story read to me by a 5 year old grandson. Today he turns 6. Because of current social distancing protocols, this bedtime story was shared through social media. Benj calls these his "Gerald" books. Some of you will know them as Mo Willems' award winning "Elephant and Piggie" series. For the uninitiated among my readers, Gerald is the elephant and apparently the favorite of Benj. Those of you with sharp eyes will see Gerald on my tablet below along with the top of the head of a still 5 year old.
Benj reads "Gerald" book to Papa with a little tech assist from Daddy
Some of you may remember some of the story of how he came to be and why I called him our DNA Day Miracle when he was born in 2014. If you've heard all this before, please indulge a proud Papa as he tells it again.  

My youngest grandson was first DNA tested BEFORE he was implanted into his mom. Since then he has been tested twice via swabs long before they became front page news everyday. He attempted a spit test but quickly demonstrated that he was too young. Every time he was asked to spit, instead he blew his nose. We will try that again very soon.  

A few years ago I tested his two older brothers who where then 7 and 9. When I was discussing the results with them, Noah observed, "If we tested Benj, his results would be more like mine than Simon's." I think his conclusion was based more on observations of phenotype than on genomic data. Never the less, ever eager to encourage interest in genetic genealogy, I made a deal with Noah. If he would follow Benj around for 45 minutes or so and make sure he didn't consume any food or drink, I would swab him to test Noah's hypothesis. Noah kept his part of the bargain and so did I. 

I could understand that based on hair alone, Noah's conclusion had merit. He and Benj shared straight hair and the patented Papa Dowell cowlick. Simon's hair is a little curlier for reasons we will explore below. 

The DNA test results were a revelation to me in one significant regard. Benj only inherited 15% of his atDNA from his maternal grandfather. Prior to this I had bought into the theory that we each inherited 25% of our atDNA from each grandparent. As I was to learn, we inherit 50% of our atDNA from each SET of grandparents but the amount we get from each individual grandparent can vary widely. Benj got 35% from his maternal grandmother. Simon's inheritance was more balanced getting 26% from his maternal grandfather and Noah 22%. Simon also inherited 24.1% of his atDNA from his paternal grandmother -- another potential source of curly hair -- compared to 21.7% for Noah and 22.6% for Benj. A fuller analysis of all this is another story for another day.

More to my main theme today, Benj probably got so little of his atDNA from his maternal grandfather because of his first DNA test when he was an 8 cell embryo. The purpose of that test was to select a healthy embryo that did not carry his maternal grandfather's potentially fatal Brugada gene. 

For those of you who are interested there was a 2 part special blog post that I wrote on DNA Day 6 year ago to explain why that day was so special to our family:

Part 1: Autosomal Dominant Inheritance: Brugada Syndrome.

Part 2: Our DNA Day Miracle 

In lieu of the traditional birthday party today Benj will be getting a noisy surprise drive by from his friends at 10:30 this morning. I hope Mother Nature cooperates and does not rain on his parade which will go on rain or shine. After the conclusion of that honking and yelling event, Benj will have 6 more "Gerald" books to read with Papa. 


Dowell brothers and nanny observing social distancing [from Grandpa] while Benj warms up to celebrate birthday.



Saturday, April 4, 2020

SAVE THE DATE: Requires advanced registration



FREE WEBINAR From SCGS, Saturday, May 2, 2020 at 10:00 AM Pacific

 


When Prussian Grandpa Contributed 
No DNA, Can We Find Out Who Did?

Free Webinar from SCGS

Saturday, May 2, 2020,
10:00 AM (Pacific Time)

Register here:
ABOUT THE PRESENTATION
When three siblings did not receive any DNA from their supposed maternal grandfather, a systematic research plan traced the origin of the biological grandfather. Family oral histories, digital phasing, DNA testing of many extended family members and analysis of xDNA inheritance patterns were needed to find the real source of that missing DNA. It was from Donaghadee, Ireland rather than Prussia.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER
David Dowell, PhD, was a librarian for 35 years and a special investigative officer in the USAF for 4 years and has two degrees in history and two in library science. He has researched family histories since the 1960s. His most recent books are NextGen Genealogy: The DNA Connection (2015) and Crash Course in Genealogy (2011). Previously he taught “Genealogy Research” and “Ethics in the Information Age” at Cuesta College and chaired the Genealogy Committee and the Ethics Committee of the American Library Association. He blogs as “Dr. D Digs Up Ancestors” at http://blog.ddowell.com and coordinates three DNA projects.




HANDOUT

A handout will be available shortly before the presentation. A link will be included in a reminder that will be sent the day before the session.

2020 Webinar Times
1st Saturdays                                   3rd Wednesdays
10:00 AM Pacific                             6:00 PM Pacific
11:00 AM Mountain                        7:00 PM Mountain
12:00 PM Central                            8:00 PM Central
1:00 PM Eastern                              9:00 PM Eastern


ABOUT THE SCGS
JAMBOREE EXTENSION SERIES WEBINARS
A goal of the Southern California Genealogical Society is to offer educational opportunities to genealogists and family history enthusiasts everywhere. The Jamboree Extension Webinar Series helps delivers those opportunities.

COST
The initial webcast of each session is offered to the public free of charge. 

Webinars are archived and available only to SCGS members as a benefit of membership in the society. The webinar archive can be found at http://www.scgsgenealogy.com/webinar/archive-index.html.

Mukherjee’s The Gene: An Intimate History comes to PBS


Dick Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter yesterday called our attention to a presentation first airing on PBS next Tuesday that should be of interest most of the readers of this blog:
Ken Burns Presents the Gene: An Intimate History will be broadcast on April 7 and 14 on PBS. Pulitzer Prize-winning author Siddhartha Mukherjee, M.D., and acclaimed filmmaker Ken Burns have collaborated on the new documentary inspired by Mukherjee’s best-selling 2016 book, The Gene: An Intimate History.

The viewing guide on the PBS site gives the following preview:
 

The Gene: An Intimate History has 2 parts

 

“The Gene: An Intimate History” brings vividly to life the story of today’s revolution in medical science through present-day tales of patients and doctors at the forefront of the search for genetic treatments, interwoven with a compelling history of the discoveries that made this possible and the ethical challenges raised by the ability to edit DNA with precision.

PART 1: Dawn of the Modern Age of Genetics

PART 2: Revolution in the Treatment of Disease

This mini-series seems to have two things going for it as far as I'm concerned: Ken Burns and Siddhartha Mukherjee. Denise and I enjoy all the documentaries that Burns produces for PBS. In addition I found The Gene to be a fascinating book when I read it a couple of years ago. We have already set our DVR to record both episodes just to be sure we don't miss them. 

 Abacus

Dr. Mukherjee had a very interesting interview on CNN a couple of days ago about the COVID-19 virus. His article, "How Does the Coronavirus Behave Inside a Patient? We’ve counted the viral spread across peoples; now we need to count it within people." was published last week in the New Yorker and will be republished on Monday in the CORONAVIRUS CHRONICLES.

I hope you enjoy these presentations as much as I plan to.


Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Should we CELEBRATE genetic Ethnicity?



Over the years I've been one of the biggest critics of those who put great faith of ethnicity predictions based largely on our autosomal DNA test results. Some market research suggests that a majority of millennials who test do so primarily -- if not exclusively -- to get that information. That is why much if not most of the advertising media is aimed at getting the public to scratching this particular itch. You probably recall the dilemma of deciding whether lederhosen or a kilt are the appropriate attire for the next family reunion.

Those who know me know that I like to wear clothes that have something to say. Recently I was working with Alex Coss of Celebrate DNA™ to finalize the shirt order we had began discussing a few weeks ago at RootsTech. I have long admired the colorful and clean lines of Alex's designs but I couldn't decide which of the ethnicity estimates I have received from various labs I wanted to feature. I finally decided I wanted to go a slightly different direction and list the biggest chunk of DNA from each of the top 5 companies. In each case the "biggest" chunk identified was from the same general geographical area: "Great Britain, Ireland", "British Isles", "England, Wales","British & Irish" or "English". Alex was very accommodating of my idiosyncrasies.
Alex Coss' depiction of my 5 current ethnicity predictions.
At first blush these results seem greatly at odds with each other. However, closer examination suggests the results have a basic similarities. Since each company has it's own proprietary algorithm and method of conducting population studies, the bottom three have a certain similarity. One must understand how far back in history each company is trying to measure ancestral migration. 500 years? 5,000 years? 20,000 years? Those who tested several years ago with the National Genographic Project are used to seeing these longer time frames. My Genographic results were a little different than the more current ones above and with good reason. The projected timeline was much longer:

My closest ethnicity prediction by the Genographic project.

My second closest population according to Genographic.

But the attention span of most of us does not extend that far back. Those of us who are now North Americans are primarily interested on where our ancestors were living just before they boarded boats to immigrate here. Generally that is only one to four centuries ago. Even over that short timeline, national borders have changed and ancestors have migrated over the decades before they got to their ports of departure.

Fortunately these ethnicity predictions have been getting better as population geneticists learned more and testing companies improved their projection algorithms. Genetic genealogy is still a new and our learning curve is still steep. By the time some of you read this, my shirt may be out-of-date. FTDNA has announced that it will soon be updating its projections. Your can see a sneak preview of what to expect by reading Roberta Estes' post last month about what we can expect when myOrigins 3.0 is rolled out. Fortunately, when this happens we generally do not have to line up and retest. The reports of results from our original tests are just updated to reflect the new and hopefully more accurate predictions. In my case it may not significantly alter the results as shown on my new shirt; but who knows, I may be in for a surprise.

Below is what the shirt Alex created for me looks like. Read it quickly before the data is obsolete! Thanks Alex, I really like the shirt and my wife does too.
My shirt created by Celebrate DNA


Monday, January 27, 2020

Virtual Pass Schedule and FREE Live Streams for RootsTech 2020



Live Streaming Sessions


I hope many of you will be able to join me at #RootsTech in four weeks in Salt Lake City. If you are there I hope we get a chance to meet. If you are not able to work this into your travel schedule, the live streaming schedule has now been announced. For four days from Wednesday, February 26 to leap day on Saturday, February 29 you will be able to watch live at least five sessions from where ever else you are. Several of the best programs will be live streamed FREE of charge but you must register to get login information. These will include presentations by recognized experts on a wide variety of genealogical topics. Also celebrity key notes are included:


Virtual Pass Classes

Even if you are able to be in Salt Lake City, you may want to multiply your number of learning experiences and your options by purchasing a Virtual Pass. This will allow us to attend one session live and others from that same time slot at a later time. The 30 sessions covered by this pass will be available for a year after you have been notified they are available. This pass is available for $129 (US) if you are not attending the conference and for only $79 as an add on if you are already registered for RootsTech. A list of the presentations covered by this pass are available on the Virtual Pass page.   

Virtual Pass Classes (Beyond the Free Streaming classes)

















































































Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Genetic Genealogy identifies parent of fetus?


If you are looking for a medical science fiction thriller, Genesis may be of interest. This would be particularly true if you are a fan of Robin Cook from reading some of his earlier thirty or so medical crime novels. Published last month Genesis can stretch your mind a bit about the potential of genetic genealogy to solve crimes and not just cold crimes.


If you are not familiar with Cook's genre, he takes an emerging technology and fictionalizes its use or abuse when applied to medical practice. For example about five years ago he wrote Cell about using cell phones to advance personalized health care.  


In Genesis his protagonist is a brilliant but antisocial pathology resident who stumbles into genetic genealogy as she tries to identify a killer who has attempted to cover his tracks by masking them as fentanyl laced opioid overdoses. Armed only with Blaine Bettinger's The Family Tree Guide to DNA Testing and Genealogy and Tamar Weinberg's The Adoptee's Guide to DNA Testing: How to Use Genetic Genealogy to Discover Your Long-Lost Family she steamrolls in search of her killer who may be the father of a 10 week old fetus discovered during the autopsy of his mother.



From Cook's epilogue:

“Let’s look on the bright side,” he said.”
“I’m having trouble seeing the bright side,” Laurie said.
“It seems that you and Aria Nichols have added genetic genealogy to the forensic grab bag of tricks to make it possible to construct a perpetrator’s genome. If that’s not a bright side, I don’t know what is.”
That's enough of a spoiler.